Zoneminder

Ubuntu Server 14.04 64-bit with Zoneminder 1.28.1 the easy way

From ZoneMinder

The Zoneminder ppa contains version 1.28.1 as of 17FEB15

Zoneminder 1.28.1 on Ubuntu 14.04. Also works on Ubuntu 14.10 running init.

I did this install on a 64 BIT server but it should work on 32 BIT. As of 20OCT14 I have tested this with a local USB camera and a remote h.264 camera with Ffmpeg and Libvlc.

If you install from CD install Ubuntu Server, OpenSSH Server, and LAMP Server (LAMP installs Apache2, PHP, and MySQL server)

If you use the minimum ISO CD install Basic Server, OpenSSH Server, and LAMP Server (LAMP installs Apache2, PHP, and MySQL server)

Log in then become root:

sudo su

If you used the server install CD

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade
apt-get dist-upgrade

Optional: Set static IP address

nano /etc/network/interfaces

Make changes similar to this:

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
  address 192.168.1.10
  netmask 255.255.255.0
  gateway 192.168.1.1
  dns-nameservers 192.168.1.1

Note: for Ubuntu 14.04 the resolv.conf is dynamically assigned. The “dns-servers” entry in the interfaces file will set the DNS Multiple DNS server entries can be used.

Reboot server

Log in and become root

sudo su

Suggested changes to MySQL

For most of you Zoneminder will run just fine with the default MySQL settings. There are a couple of settings that may, in time, provide beneficial especially if you have a number of cameras and many events with a lot of files. One setting I recommend is the “innodb_file_per_table” This will be a default setting in MySQL 5.6 but should be added in MySQL 5.5 which comes with Ubuntu 14.04. A description can be found here: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/innodb-multiple-tablespaces.html

To add “innodb_file_per_table” edit the my.cnf file:

nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Under [mysqld] add

innodb_file_per_table

Ctrl+o Enter to save

CTRL+x to exit

Restart MySQL

service mysql restart

As you add cameras to your system and the events build up you may need to increase the size of the “innodb_buffer_pool_size” when this setting runs out of space your system may act like it is out of disk space. One way to check this is to install mysqltuner and run it from the command line. When the results are shown you can edit the my.cnf file and change the buffer size. The default “innodb_buffer_pool_size” is 128M. In the ZM forum I have found a recommended setting of 256M. My production server required a setting greater than 410M. Install and run mysqltuner to determine the recommended size for your system. Be sure to restart MySQL after making changes.

CGI is not enabled in Ubuntu 14.04 by default. Enable it this way:

a2enmod cgi

Restart Apache

/etc/init.d/apache2 force-reload 

or

service apache2 restart

Add Repository

apt-get install software-properties-common python-software-properties
add-apt-repository ppa:iconnor/zoneminder
apt-get update

Install Zoneminder

apt-get install zoneminder

Note: a couple of package configurations will open up. These are to configure Nullmailer. You can just OK them and come back to configure them later.

You will need to install “extra” VLC components torun Libvlc (verified 20OCT14)

apt-get install libvlc-dev libvlccore-dev vlc

Add delay to allow MySQL to start before Zoneminder

nano /etc/init.d/zoneminder

Add sleep 15 as shown:

start() {
      sleep 15
      echo -n "Starting $prog: "

Ctrl+o Enter to save

CTRL+x to exit

Create a directory in apache2

mkdir /etc/apache2/conf.d

Create two symbolic links

ln -s /etc/zm/apache.conf /etc/apache2/conf.d/zoneminder.conf
ln -s /etc/zm/apache.conf /etc/apache2/conf-enabled/zoneminder.conf

Create a new user

adduser www-data video

Restart Apache

/etc/init.d/apache2 force-reload 

or

service apache2 restart

Install Cambozola (needed if you use Internet Explorer)

 

cd /usr/src && wget http://www.andywilcock.com/code/cambozola/cambozola-latest.tar.gz
tar -xzvf cambozola-latest.tar.gz

replace 935 in the next line with cambozola version downloaded

cp cambozola-0.935/dist/cambozola.jar /usr/share/zoneminder

You should now be able to access the web server using https://servername

NTP Daily Sync

nano /etc/cron.daily/ntpdate

Copy the following into nano

!/bin/sh 
ntpdate ntp.ubuntu.com

Ctrl+o Enter to save

CTRL+x to exit

chmod 755 /etc/cron.daily/ntpdate

Open Zoneminder in web browser

http://serverip/zm

Click Options

Uncheck: Check with zoneminder.com for updated versions (?) click Save

Click Images tab

check Is the (optional) cambozola java streaming client installed (?) Click Save

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